giphyJune 14th is Flag Day in the United States.  During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress adopts a resolution stating that “the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white” and that “the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.” The national flag, which became known as the “Stars and Stripes,” was based on the “Grand Union” flag, a banner carried by the Continental Army in 1776 that also consisted of 13 red and white stripes. According to legend, Philadelphia seamstress Betsy Ross designed the new canton for the Stars and Stripes, which consisted of a circle of 13 stars and a blue background, at the request of General George Washington. Historians have been unable to conclusively prove or disprove this legend.

betsy-ross2-ABWith the entrance of new states into the United States after independence, new stripes and stars were added to represent new additions to the Union. In 1818, however, Congress enacted a law stipulating that the 13 original stripes be restored and that only stars be added to represent new states.

On June 14, 1877, the first Flag Day observance was held on the 100th anniversary of the adoption of the Stars and Stripes. As instructed by Congress, the U.S. flag was flown from all public buildings across the country.

President Truman, seated in his White House Office, Aug 3, 1949, Signs legislation designating June 14 as Flag day each year. Witnessing the signing is Rep. Francis E. Walters; Charles B. Helms of Philadelphia, Secretary of  the Patriotic Group of Sons of America William T. Kerr, Philadelphia, founder of the American Flag Association and Sen. Francis Myers. (AP Photo/Henry Griffin)

President Truman, seated in his White House Office, Aug 3, 1949, Signs legislation designating June 14 as Flag day each year. Witnessing the signing is Rep. Francis E. Walters; Charles B. Helms of Philadelphia, Secretary of the Patriotic Group of Sons of America William T. Kerr, Philadelphia, founder of the American Flag Association and Sen. Francis Myers. (AP Photo/Henry Griffin)

In the years after the first Flag Day, several states continued to observe the anniversary, and in 1949 Congress officially designated June 14 as Flag Day, a national day of observance.

“The President’s Own” United States Marine Band recorded John Philip Sousa’s march “The Stars and Stripes Forever” on March, 3, 2009, in the John Philip Sousa Band Hall at Marine Barracks Annex in Washington, D.C. This video was recorded for the National Museum of the Marine Corps gallery titled “A Global Expeditionary Force 1866-1916,” where visitors will find an interactive Marine Band exhibit.

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3 responses

  1. Birgit says:

    Interesting that they can’t confirm that Betsy Ross created the flag. It is a bold flag which I always liked

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  2. If Betsy Ross didn’t design the flag, then that means that I visited a home in Philly that was just a ‘house’, just not Betsy’s.

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    • It was probably Betsy’s House and I’ve been there too but according to what I’ve read, there is no real evidence that she was involved in any manner. Doesn’t mean she wasn’t just that there is no evidence. Only a claim by her grandson 100 years after the flag came into existence

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