On June 2, 1865, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith who was the commander of the Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms. With this signing, the last Confederate army ceased to exist and the bloodiest four years in U.S. History came to a close.
The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861 when the Confederates opened fire on the Union’s Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Within a few days, President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation call for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to end the Southern insurrection. After four long years, the Confederacy was defeated at a cost of 620,000 Union and Confederate dead.