WORLD WAR II FROM A TO Z

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The Tripartite Pact, also known as the Berlin Pact, was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan signed in Berlin on 27 September 1940 by, respectively, Adolf Hitler, Galeazzo Ciano and Saburō Kurusu.

Signing of the Tripartite Pact. On the lefthand side of the picture, seated from left to right, are the signatories: Saburō Kurusu (representing Japan), Galeazzo Ciano (Italy) and Adolf Hitler (Germany). "Signing ceremony for the Axis Powers Tripartite Pact;" by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Signing_ceremony_for_the_Axis_Powers_Tripartite_Pact;.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Signing_ceremony_for_the_Axis_Powers_Tripartite_Pact;.jpg

Signing of the Tripartite Pact. On the lefthand side of the picture, seated from left to right, are the signatories: Saburō Kurusu (representing Japan), Galeazzo Ciano (Italy) and Adolf Hitler (Germany). “Signing ceremony for the Axis Powers Tripartite Pact;” by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia

It was a defensive military alliance that was eventually joined by Hungary (20 November 1940), Romania (23 November 1940), Bulgaria (1 March 1941) and Yugoslavia (25 March 1941), as well as by the German client state of Slovakia (24 November 1940). Yugoslavia’s adherence provoked a coup d’état in Belgrade, and Italy and Germany responded by invading Yugoslavia (with Bulgarian, Hungarian and Romanian assistance) and partitioning the country. The resulting Italo-German client state of Croatia joined the pact on 15 June 1941.

Demonstrations in Belgrade on 27 March

Demonstrations in Belgrade on 27 March

The Tripartite Pact was a piece of propaganda directed primarily at the United States. Its practical effects were limited, since the Italo-German and Japanese operational theatres were on opposite sides of the world and the high contracting powers had disparate strategic interests. Some technical cooperation was carried out, and the Japanese declaration of war on the United States propelled, although it did not require, a similar declaration of war from all the other signatories of the Tripartite Pact.

THE NEWS, Frederick, Maryland, September 27, 1940

THE NEWS, Frederick, Maryland, September 27, 1940

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7 responses

  1. kristin says:

    I had heard of this before but never really took the time to understand it.

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  2. Birgit says:

    Most people have no idea that this pact existed and that these other countries were part of it

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  3. Arlee Bird says:

    Some crazy politics working together.

    Arlee Bird
    A to Z Challenge Co-host
    Wrote By Rote

    Liked by 1 person

  4. […] precursor to the Tripartite Pact of which I wrote about during the April A to Z Challenge, on May 22, 1939, Italy and Germany […]

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