On March 24, 1882, Robert Heinrich Herman Koch published his findings on tuberculosis, in which he reported the causative agent of the disease to be the slow-growing Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a pathogenic bacterial species in the family Mycobacteriaceae. M. tuberculosis has an unusual, waxy coating on its cell surface (primarily due to the presence of mycolic acid), which makes the cells impervious to Gram staining.
His work with this disease won Koch the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1905. Additionally, Koch’s research on tuberculosis, along with his studies on tropical diseases, won him the Prussian Order Pour le Merite in 1906 and the Robert Koch medal, established to honor the greatest living physicians, in 1908.
Robert Heinrich Herman Koch (11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a celebrated German physician and pioneering microbiologist. The founder of modern bacteriology, he is also known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease. In addition to his trail-blazing studies on these diseases, Koch created and improved laboratory technologies and techniques in the field of microbiology, and made key discoveries in public health. His research led to the creation of Koch’s postulates, a series of four generalized principles linking specific microorganisms to specific diseases that remain today the “gold standard” in medical microbiology.
I have limited knowledge of biology and health sciences but I think a big thank you is in order for Robert Heinrich Herman Koch.