On June 30, 1934, in Germany, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler orders a bloody purge of his own political party, assassinating hundreds of Nazis whom he believed had the potential to become political enemies in the future.

Night of the long knives orchestraters

Night of the long knives The architects of the purge: Hitler, Göring, Goebbels, and Hess. Only Himmler and Heydrich are missing.

The leadership of the Nazi Storm Troopers (SA), whose four million members had helped bring Hitler to power in the early 1930s, was especially targeted. Hitler feared that some of his followers had taken his early “National Socialism” propaganda too seriously and thus might compromise his plan to suppress workers’ rights in exchange for German industry making the country war-ready.

Ernst Röhm, SA Chief of Staff, was shot on Hitler's orders, after refusing to commit suicide, in the Night of the Long Knives purge in 1934

Ernst Röhm, SA Chief of Staff, was shot on Hitler’s orders, after refusing to commit suicide, in the Night of the Long Knives purge in 1934

In the early 1920s, the ranks of Hitler’s Nazi Party swelled with resentful Germans who sympathized with the party’s bitter hatred of Germany’s democratic government, leftist politics, and Jews. In November 1923, after the German government resumed the payment of war reparations to Britain and France, the Nazis launched the “Beer Hall Putsch”–their first attempt at seizing the German government by force. Hitler hoped that his nationalist revolution in Bavaria would spread to the dissatisfied German army, which in turn would bring down the government in Berlin. However, the uprising was immediately suppressed, and Hitler was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison for high treason.

A large crowd gathers in front of the Rathaus to hear the exhortations of Julius Streicher during the Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler's early unsuccessful attempt to seize power. Munich, Germany, November 1923. — US Holocaust Memorial Museum

A large crowd gathers in front of the Rathaus to hear the exhortations of Julius Streicher during the Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler’s early unsuccessful attempt to seize power. Munich, Germany, November 1923.
— US Holocaust Memorial Museum

Sent to Landsberg jail, he spent his time dictating his autobiography, Mein Kampf, and working on his oratorical skills. After nine months in prison, political pressure from supporters of the Nazi Party forced his release.

Adolf Hitler Portrait Landsberg Prison

Adolf Hitler Portrait Landsberg Prison

Mein_Kampf_1925_1

During the next few years, Hitler and the other leading Nazis reorganized their party as a fanatical mass movement that was able to gain a majority in the German parliament–the Reichstag–by legal means in 1932. In the same year, President Paul von Hindenburg defeated a presidential bid by Hitler, but in January 1933 he appointed Hitler chancellor, hoping that the powerful Nazi leader could be brought to heel as a member of the president’s cabinet.

Paul von Hindenburg

Paul von Hindenburg

However, Hindenburg underestimated Hitler’s political audacity, and one of the new chancellor’s first acts was to use the burning of the Reichstag building as a pretext for calling general elections. The police, under Nazi Hermann Goering, suppressed much of the party’s opposition before the election, and the Nazis won a bare majority. Shortly after, Hitler took on absolute power through the Enabling Acts. In 1934, Hindenburg died, and the last remnants of Germany’s democratic government were dismantled, leaving Hitler the sole master of a nation intent on war and genocide.

Adolph Hitler becomes Fuhrer in 1934.... - RareNewspapers.com

Adolph Hitler becomes Fuhrer in 1934…. – RareNewspapers.com

 

 

My post a year ago today: Gone with the Wind Published

Advertisements

One response

  1. Birgit says:

    Just horrible how the ingredients brought this horror. My mom grew up in this and she disliked the whole thing from the beginning even though she was young. To this day she hates long black leather coats and high leather boots as it reminds her of the SS. She dislikes the boy scouts because she thinks of the time she and her brother were forced to go into the Hitler youth. She said they sang songs, made camp fires, learned certain things and wore uniforms and that was too much of a resemblance for her. Amazing how this nut seized power and got rid of so many people just like Stalin

    Like