YThe following fact sheet for Yellowstone National Park to date, my favorite place on earth, has been borrowed from the National Park Service.  The photographs are from various sources through Google images.

Map of Yellowstone National Park

Map of Yellowstone National Park

GENERAL

  • World’s First National Park (See related post)
  • A designated World Heritage Site and designated Biosphere Reserve
  • 3,472 square miles or 8,987 square km
  • 2,221,766 acres or 898,317 hectares
  • 63 air miles north to south (102 km)
  • 54 air miles east to west 87 km)
  • 96 % in Wyoming
  • 3 % in Montana
  • 1 % in Idaho
  • Highest Point: 11,358 ft / 3,462 m (Eagle Peak)
Eagle Peak Yellowstone National Park.jpg

Eagle Peak Yellowstone National Park.jpg

  • Lowest Point: 5,282 ft / 1,610 m (Reese Creek)
  • Larger than Rhode Island and Delaware combined
  • Approximately 5% of park is covered by water; 15% is grassland; and 80% is forest

yellowstone-national-park

  • Precipitation ranges from 10 inches (26 cm) at the north boundary to 80 inches (205 cm) in the southwest corner
Picture of Thundershowers over Yellowstone Lake, Montana, USA

Picture of Thundershowers over Yellowstone Lake, Montana, USA

  • Temperatures (average) at Mammoth: January: 9° F/-13 C in
    July: 80° F/27 C
Yellowstone winter landscape

Yellowstone winter landscape

Soda Butte Creek, Lamar Valley Yellowstone

Soda Butte Creek, Lamar Valley Yellowstone

  • Records:
    High: 99°F/37 C, 2002 (Mammoth)
    Low Temp: -66° F/-54 C (West Entrance, Riverside Station 1933)

WILDLIFE

67 species of mammals, including:

  • 7 species of native ungulates

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  • 2 species of bears
Grizzly bear in Yellowstone National Park

Grizzly bear in Yellowstone National Park

Black bear of Yellowstone National Park

Black bear of Yellowstone National Park

  • 322 recorded species of birds (148 nesting species)
Birds of Yellowstone

Birds of Yellowstone

  • 16 species of fish (5 non-native)

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  • 6 species of reptiles
Bullsnake

Bullsnake

  • 4 species of amphibians
Boreal Chorus Frog

Boreal Chorus Frog

  • 2 threatened species: Canada lynx, grizzly bear
Canadian Lynx in Winter

Canadian Lynx in Winter

  • 1 endangered species: gray wolf
Endangered grey wolf of Yellowstone National Park

Endangered grey wolf of Yellowstone National Park

FLORA

  • 7 species of conifers
Lodgepole Pine

Lodgepole Pine

  • Approximately 80% of forest is comprised of lodgepole pine
  • Approximately 1,150 species of native vascular plants
Yellowstone is home to more than 1,350 species of vascular plants, of which 218 are non-native. • Wildflowers (84KB pdf). • Yellowstone Sand Verbena

Yellowstone is home to more than 1,350 species of vascular plants, of which 218 are non-native. • Wildflowers (84KB pdf). • Yellowstone Sand Verbena

  • More than 199 species of exotic (non-native) plants
  • 186 species of lichens
... oxygen creates rust) and moss/ lichens (organisms attached to rock that secrete acids breaking down rock).

… oxygen creates rust) and moss/ lichens (organisms attached to rock that secrete acids breaking down rock).

  • At least 406 species of thermophiles (only 1% of hydrothermal areas inventoried)
Thermophiles produce some of the bright colors of Grand Prismatic Spring, Yellowstone National Park

Thermophiles produce some of the bright colors of Grand Prismatic Spring, Yellowstone National Park

GEOLOGY

  • An active volcano
he land that supervolcano is trapped in was called by Blackfoot Indians 'the land of evil spirits' -what we know today as Yellowstone National Park.

he land that supervolcano is trapped in was called by Blackfoot Indians ‘the land of evil spirits’ -what we know today as Yellowstone National Park.

 

  • Approximately 1,000-3,000 earthquakes annually
1959 Yellowstone earthquake.  State Highway 287 slumped into Hebgen Lake; damage from the August 1959 Hebgen Lake (Montana-Yellowstone) earthquake.         The main residence of Hilgard Lodge is almost completely submerged in the lake.         View to the northeast.

1959 Yellowstone earthquake. State Highway 287 slumped into Hebgen Lake; damage from the August 1959 Hebgen Lake (Montana-Yellowstone) earthquake.
The main residence of Hilgard Lodge is almost completely submerged in the lake.
View to the northeast.

  • Approximately 10,000 thermal features
One of the more than 10,000 geothermal features of Yellowstone National Park

One of the more than 10,000 geothermal features of Yellowstone National Park

  • More than 300 geysers
  • One of the world’s largest calderas, measuring 45 by 30 miles (72 by 48 km)
Yellowstone's caldera. At Yellowstone and some other volcanoes, some scientists theorize that the earth's crust fractures and cracks

Yellowstone’s caldera. At Yellowstone and some other volcanoes, some scientists theorize that the earth’s crust fractures and cracks

  • Thousands of petrified trees in northern Yellowstone
Petrified Tree, Yellowstone National Park

Petrified Tree, Yellowstone National Park

  • Approximately 290 waterfalls, 15 ft. or higher, flowing year-round

1-yellowstone-waterfalls-sebastian-musial

 

    Tallest waterfall: Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River at 308 ft. (94 m)
The Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River as seen from the end of Uncle Tom's Trail.

The Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River as seen from the end of Uncle Tom’s Trail.

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5 responses

  1. gpcox says:

    LOVE this post, Maryann!!

    Like

  2. finley jayne says:

    Going to Yellowstone is on my bucket list-hopefully when our kid’s are older we’ll do a road trip there 🙂 Great topic for the letter ‘Y’!

    Stopping by to say ‘hi’ from the A-Z Challenge!
    Finley Jayne
    http://finleyjaynesbookshelves.blogspot.com/

    Like

  3. Birgit says:

    Would love to visit yellowstone and can’t help think of Yogi and Boo-Boo:) These pictures are great-love the waterfalls, the wolf and the snow-just so peaceful. I love hiking when i can so it would be great as long as one has the proper gear and respect for the wildlife.

    Like

    • It is the most wonderful place to visit. Since our trip in 2009 it has been very difficult getting excited about vacations as they all seemed to pale compared to that trip.

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