On March 12, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt held the first of his radio broadcast fireside chats. These informal radio addresses were his way of explaining his policies to the people. In 1933 radio was his only means. It was remarkable but in the 1930s, about 90 percent of the American households owned a radio. FDR capitalize this fact and delivered 31 fireside chats between March 1933 and June 1944. Through these chats, the American public was informed about everything from the New Deal, policies on aiding Europe in its fight against fascism and about military and domestic fronts during World War II.
The listening public recalled that it was like the president with his voice, came into your home like a friend. In the first fireside chat, FDR explained why he closed the banks for an extended holiday in order to avoid what had happened when the stock market crashed in 1929. The fireside chat was successful in boosting public confidence.